islam school board

The Texas State Board of Education (TSBOE) adopted a resolution Sept. 24 that seeks to curtail references to Islam in Texas textbooks, as social conservative board members warned of what they describe as a creeping Middle Eastern influence in the nation’s publishing industry.

The board approved the one-page nonbinding resolution, by a 7-5 vote, which urges textbook publishers to limit what they print about Islam in world history books.

Critics say it’s another example of the ideological board trying to politicize public education in the Lone Star State. Kathy Miller, president of the Texas Freedom Network, which advocates for religious freedom, questioned why the resolution came at a time when “anti-Muslim rhetoric in this country has reached fever pitch.”

“It’s hard not to conclude that the misleading claims in this resolution are either based on ignorance of what’s in the textbooks or, on the other hand, are an example of fear-mongering and playing politics,” Miller said.

Future boards that will choose the state’s next generation of social studies texts will not be bound by the resolution.

“This is an expression of the board’s opinion, so it does not have an effect on any particular textbook,” David Anderson, the general counsel for the Texas Education Agency, said.

“So this is a cosmetic exercise?” asked Dallas Democratic Party board member Mavis Knight.

The resolution cites world history books no longer used in Texas schools that it says devoted more lines of text to Islamic beliefs and practices than Christian ones.

Chairwoman Gail Lowe said the resolution cites old books because board rules prohibit them from discussing current books more than 90 days after their adoption.

“I believe that it’s happening in the current (social studies books) even though we can’t cover that in the resolution,” said board member Terri Leo, a Republican from Spring. The resolution sends a “clear message to publishers that it should not happen in the future.”

The resolution also claims “more such discriminatory treatment of religion may occur as Middle Easterners buy into the U.S. public school textbook oligopoly, as they are doing now.”

Two Republicans broke from their party to vote with the Democratic Party. Two Democratic members –Mary Helen Berlanga of Corpus Christi and Rene Nunez of El Paso – were absent for the vote. The initial vote on the resolution was 7-6, but the board later reconsidered the measure. The second vote was 7-5 after a Democratic board member left the meeting.

The measure was suggested to the board this summer by Odessa businessman Randy Rives, who lost his Republican primary bid for a seat on the panel earlier this year. Members of a social conservative bloc of the board then asked Lowe to put the resolution on this week’s agenda.

During public testimony,  Jonathan Saenz, a lobbyist for the conservative Liberty Institute, argued that the board was “doing the right thing to prevent any type of religious discrimination or treat any religion in a way that’s incomplete.”

Several times during the testimony, Lowe intervened, attempting to calm flaring tempers.

“The Board’s mission, and Texas’ future, is ill-served when the board chooses to use its limited meeting time to discuss and vote on discriminatory and politically motivated measures, such as this proposed resolution,” Frank Knaack, of the American Civil Liberties Union of Texas, said.

The resolution concludes by warning publishers the “State Board of Education will look to reject future prejudicial social studies submissions that continue to offend Texas law with respect to treatment of the world’s major religious groups by significant inequalities of coverage space-wise and by demonizing or lionizing one or more of them over others.”

Social conservatives control the 15-member board for now, although the landscape is set to change after one member of the bloc lost his primary election bid and another chose not to seek re-election.

Muslim UTSA student Barrack Alsubaie, freshman mechanical engineer major, said he thinks that Islam is like every other religion.

“In the Middle East, our history books contain a lot of references to Christianity,” Alsubaie said.

Political Science Chair Dr. Mansour el-Kikhia, faculty advisor to Muslim Student Organization, said that they (TSBOE) don’t care about us or First Amendment rights of Muslims.

“Some say (President) Obama is a Muslim. I say so what if he’s a Muslim. If people truely believe that this is the land of the free, then it shouldn’t matter,” el-Kikhia said.

Some students agree with the board’s decision.

“This is a nation that was not founded on Islam, and we don’t need to be saturating our textbooks with other cultures when we should be creating our own,” Charlee Shero, senior communication major said. 

Christopher Connell contributed to this story.

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